Dog Breeds

Picking what type of dog breed you want for your family is a very important decision. There are 7 major groups to choose from.

Hounds 

A hound is a type of dog that assists hunters by tracking or chasing the animal being hunted. It can be contrasted with the gun dog, which assists hunters by identifying the location of prey and/or recovers shot quarry. The hound breeds were the first hunting dogs. They have a powerful speed and sense of smell. These breed need lots of attention and exercise and are best for outdoorsy families. Irish wolfhounds, whippets, Rhodesian ridgebacks, bloodhounds, basset hounds, dachshunds and beagles are among the most popular hound breeds.

Toy 

The diminutive size and winsome expressions of Toy dogs illustrate the main function of this Group: to embody sheer delight. Don't let their tiny stature fool you, though - - many Toys are tough as nails. If you haven't yet experienced the barking of an angry Chihuahua, for example, well, just wait. Toy dogs will always be popular with city dwellers and people without much living space. They make ideal apartment dogs and terrific lap warmers on nippy nights. Toy poodles, pomeranians, mini pinschers, papillons, maltese, pugs, shih tzus, yorkshire terriers, cavalier King Charles spaniels and chihuahuas are the most popular toy breeds. Read more at akc.org and cutepuppydog.net. 

Non-sporting

Non-sporting dogs are very diverse. They are a wide variety of breeds from the Chow Chow, Dalmatian, French Bulldog, and Keeshond. Some, like the Schipperke and Tibetan Spaniel are uncommon sights in the average neighborhood. Others, however, like the Poodle and Lhasa Apso, have quite a large following. The breeds in the Non-Sporting Group are a varied collection in terms of size, coat, personality and overall appearance. If you are interested in a dog from the non-sporting group you really need to do a lot of research on the individual breed. While other groups have a shared ancestry or purpose, dogs in the Non-Sporting Group do not. In fact, the breeds in this group couldn’t possibly be more different from one another. The dogs found in the Non-Sporting Group run the gamut in terms of size, appearance, and popularity. For more information visit akc.org and petwave.com.

Herding 

 All breeds share the fabulous ability to control the movement of other animals. A remarkable example is the low-set Corgi, perhaps one foot tall at the shoulders, that can drive a herd of cows many times its size to pasture by leaping and nipping at their heels. The vast majority of Herding dogs, as household pets, never cross paths with a farm animal. Nevertheless, pure instinct prompts many of these dogs to gently herd their owners, especially the children of the family. In general, these intelligent dogs make excellent companions and respond beautifully to training exercises. Read more about herding breeds at akc.org.

Sporting 

The sporting group comprises some of the most popular breeds, including pointers, setters, retrievers and spaniels. Both routinely in the top five breeds, the Labrador retriever and the golden retriever together account for nearly one-quarter of the more than 1 million dogs registered with the AKC every year. Alert, active and intelligent, sporting dogs have historically been used by hunters to locate, flush or retrieve game from land or water. Many sporting dogs are still used as hunting companions today, although their gentle natures and high level of intelligence have also earned them the reputation of being among the best family dogs. These same traits often lead to some of these animals being recruited into service positions, either as helper dogs for the disabled or as bomb and drug sniffers for law enforcement agencies. Unfortunately, the sheer popularity of some of the sporting breeds, most notably cocker spaniels but also Labrador and golden retrievers, has led to a rise in health and behavioral problems. Some indiscriminate breeders have inflamed congenital problems by careless overbreeding, and have created unstable temperaments through simple neglect. Be especially careful in finding a reputable breeder of these dogs. Read more at animalplanet.com.

Working 

The diverse dogs represented in this group were bred to perform a variety of tasks from guarding people, property, and livestock to pulling carts or sleds. In general, they're strong, smart, and fearless and can be fun-loving or serious.

Because of their size and strength, they require a structured home life and firm, fair, consistent training by someone who can provide leadership without resorting to anger or physical force. With a couple of exceptions, such as the Alaskan Malamute and Siberian Husky — breeds too people-oriented to be guard dogs — they're protective. This protectiveness may become a problem if they don't have lots of positive human interaction and the right training.

Some working dogs have smooth, easy-care coats, but many of them are Nordic or mountain breeds with lots of thick fur. Most of these dogs are considered moderately to highly active. Read more at dogtime.com.

Terrier 

These are feisty, energetic dogs whose sizes range from fairly small, as in the Norfolk, Cairn or West Highland White Terrier, to the grand Airedale Terrier. Terriers typically have little tolerance for other animals, including other dogs. Their ancestors were bred to hunt and kill vermin. Many continue to project the attitude that they're always eager for a spirited argument. Most terriers have wiry coats that require special grooming known as stripping in order to maintain a characteristic appearance. In general, they make engaging pets, but require owners with the determination to match their dogs' lively characters. Read more at akc.org.

Picking out the right dog breed is a very important and long term decision for your family. Visit our contact us page for a free consultation for dog walking services in Pacific Beach, La Jolla or Carmel Valley once you have your new puppy.